Gynecomastia is the umbrella term used for describing the condition in which men have ‘man boobs’ or enlarged breasts. If you have this condition then you are not alone. There are several ways of classifying this condition that affects men. Here are a few different ways in which Gynecomastia can be classified:
In some cases, adolescent gynecomastia does not subside at its own and even the healthiest and fittest men often cannot get rid of the additional bit of puffiness that they develop at the time of puberty. This particular condition is known as puffy nipples. In such conditions, surgical options are available for achieving a more defined pectoral muscle line. Timely treatment is the key to achieve a toned body.
One of the main causes of gynecomastia is hormonal changes at Puberty. Hormonal level increases during puberty. If there is an increase in testosterone, there can be an increase in the female hormone – estrogen- that can cause the development of glandular tissue just below the areola. In this type of gynecomastia, the enlarged area will be more than 5 cm in diameter or less than 1 cm in diameter. Usually, Adolescent gynecomastia would disappear at its own and those experiencing this type of gynecomastia should not be worried.
When it comes to classifying gynecomastia in adults, there are five primary groups:
Hormonal Imbalance – It is one of the primary causes of this condition in men. It can be triggered by conditions like Klinefelter Syndrome. If gynecomastia is triggered because of hormonal imbalance then proper treatment can help in reducing the symptoms.
Medication side effects – Intake of some medicines can increase the presence of estrogen in men. These medications are usually prescribed for treating prostate cancer and other ailments. Heroin and Marijuana along with some prescription drugs like cimetidine (for treating peptic ulcers), spironolactone (a diuretic), methyldopa (for treating blood pressure), antidepressants and diazepam (Valium) can also trigger the condition of Gynecomastia.
Steroid Abuse – Yet another common cause of this type of Gynecomastia. Bodybuilders and athletes often use anabolic-androgenic steroids. Gynecomastia in lean men comprise of glandular tissue and has no fatty tissue. This category of gynecomastia is hard to see under solid chest muscles however can become noticeable and prominent when the athletes and bodybuilders lessen their exercise routine. It can be treated with surgical options.
Obesity – Obese men often develop enlarged male breasts because of adipose fatty tissue concentrated in the chest region. This is called ‘false gynecomastia’ and Pseudo Gynecomastia. Weight reduction by doing some specific exercises and following a diet might help in improving the appearance of the chest. If significant weight is lost in obese patients, the possibility is that the skin might become deflated and saggy in this region giving the appearance of sagging boobs. In such cases, surgical options can help in correcting chest appearance.
Symptoms of Liver Failure, Renal Failure – Cirrhosis of the liver decreases the ability to produce protein and process hormones, medications, poisons, and nutrients. This can increase estrogen in men leading the development of male breasts.
If you are looking for surgical treatment to get rid of Gynecomastia then familiarise yourself with its different types to make the right and well-informed decision.
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